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1491 (Second Edition) Book

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Summary: 1491 (Second Edition) written by Charles C. Mann complete 576 pages, and read, download pdf latest History ebooks related to 1491 (Second Edition) ebook.

1491 (Second Edition)

Written By: Charles C. Mann
  • ID Book : 0307278182
  • Publisher : Vintage
  • Number of Pages : 576
  • Genre : History
  • Reads : 488
  • Supported Format : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • eFile : 1491.pdf

Inside Book:

In this groundbreaking work of science, history, and archaeology, Charles C. Mann radically alters our understanding of the Americas before the arrival of Columbus in 1492. Contrary to what so many Americans learn in school, the pre-Columbian Indians were not sparsely settled in a pristine wilderness; rather, there were huge numbers of Indians who actively molded and influenced the land around them. The astonishing Aztec capital of Tenochtitlan had running water and immaculately clean streets, and was larger than any contemporary European city. Mexican cultures created corn in a specialized breeding process that it has been called man’s first feat of genetic engineering. Indeed, Indians were not living lightly on the land but were landscaping and manipulating their world in ways that we are only now beginning to understand. Challenging and surprising, this a transformative new look at a rich and fascinating world we only thought we knew.

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"Sefer Hasidim" and the Ashkenazic Book in Medieval Europe

By Ivan G. Marcus
  • Format : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : University of Pennsylvania Press
  • Isbn : 0812295005
  • Pages : 216
  • Category : Social Science
  • Reads : 410
  • File Pdf: sefer-hasidim-and-the-ashkenazic-book-in-medieval-europe.pdf

Book Summary:

Composed in Germany in the early thirteenth century by Judah ben Samuel he-hasid, Sefer Hasidim, or "Book of the Pietists," is a compendium of religious instruction that portrays the everyday life of Jews as they lived together with and apart from Christians in towns such as Speyer, Worms, Mainz, and Regensburg. A charismatic religious teacher who recorded hundreds of original stories that mirrored situations in medieval social living, Judah's messages advocated praying slowly and avoiding honor, pleasure, wealth, and the lures of unmarried sex. Although he failed to enact his utopian vision of a pietist Jewish society, his collected writings would help shape the religious culture of Ashkenazic Judaism for centuries. In "Sefer Hasidim" and the Ashkenazic Book in Medieval Europe, Ivan G. Marcus proposes a new paradigm for understanding how this particular book was composed. The work, he contends, was an open text written by a single author in hundreds of disjunctive, yet self-contained, segments, which were then combined into multiple alternative versions, each equally authoritative. While Sefer Hasidim offers the clearest example of this model of composition, Marcus argues that it was not unique: the production of Ashkenazic books in small and easily rearranged paragraphs is a literary and cultural phenomenon quite distinct from anything practiced by the Christian authors of northern Europe or the Sephardic Jews of the south. According to Marcus, Judah, in authoring Sefer Hasidim in this manner, not only resisted Greco-Roman influences on Ashkenazic literary form but also extended an earlier Byzantine rabbinic tradition of authorship into medieval European Jewish culture.

The Western Wind

By Samantha Harvey
  • Format : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Grove Press
  • Isbn : 0802146538
  • Pages : 276
  • Category : Fiction
  • Reads : 568
  • File Pdf: the-western-wind.pdf

Book Summary:

Winner of the Staunch Book Prize. “A beautifully written and expertly structured medieval mystery packed with intrigue, drama and shock revelations.” —Minneapolis Star-Tribune An extraordinary new novel by Samantha Harvey—whose books have been nominated for the Man Booker Prize, the Women’s Prize for Fiction (formerly the Orange Prize), and the Guardian First Book Award—The Western Wind is a riveting story of faith, guilt, and the freedom of confession. It’s 1491. In the small village of Oakham, its wealthiest and most industrious resident, Tom Newman, is swept away by the river during the early hours of Shrove Saturday. Was it murder, suicide, or an accident? Narrated from the perspective of local priest John Reve—patient shepherd to his wayward flock—a shadowy portrait of the community comes to light through its residents’ tortured revelations. As some of their darkest secrets are revealed, the intrigue of the unexplained death ripples through the congregation. But will Reve, a man with secrets of his own, discover what happened to Newman? And what will happen if he can’t? Written with timeless eloquence, steeped in the spiritual traditions of the Middle Ages, and brimming with propulsive suspense, The Western Wind finds Samantha Harvey at the pinnacle of her outstanding novelistic power. “Beautifully rendered, deeply affecting, thoroughly thoughtful and surprisingly prescient . . . a story of a community crowded with shadows and secrets.” —The New York Times Book Review “Ms. Harvey has summoned this remote world with writing of the highest quality, conjuring its pungencies and peculiarities.” —The Wall Street Journal “Brings medieval England back to life.” —The Washington Post

Bretherick's Handbook of Reactive Chemical Hazards

By L. Bretherick
  • Format : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Isbn : 1483162508
  • Pages : 2054
  • Category : Science
  • Reads : 394
  • File Pdf: bretherick-s-handbook-of-reactive-chemical-hazards.pdf

Book Summary:

Bretherick's Handbook of Reactive Chemical Hazards, Fourth Edition, has been prepared and revised to give access to a wide and up-to-date selection of documented information to research students, practicing chemists, safety officers, and others concerned with the safe handling and use of reactive chemicals. This will allow ready assessment of the likely potential for reaction hazards which may be associated with an existing or proposed chemical compound or reaction system. A secondary, longer-term purpose is to present the information in a way which will, as far as possible, bring out the causes of, and interrelationships between, apparently disconnected facts and incidents. This handbook includes all information which had become available to the author by April 1989 on the reactivity hazards of individual elements or compounds, either alone or in combination. It begins with an introductory chapter that provides an overview of the complex subject of reactive chemical hazards, drawing attention to the underlying principles and to some practical aspects of minimizing such hazards. This is followed by two sections: Section 1 provides detailed information on the hazardous properties of individual chemicals, either alone or in combination with other compounds; the entries in Section 2 are of two distinct types. The first type of entry gives general information on the hazardous behavior of some recognizably discrete classes or groups of the 4,600 or so individual compounds for which details are given in Section 1. The second type of entry concerns reactive hazard topics, techniques, or incidents which have a common theme or pattern of behavior involving compounds of several different groups, so that no common structural feature exists for the compounds involved.

White Devil

By Stephen Brumwell
  • Format : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Da Capo Press
  • Isbn : 0786736798
  • Pages : 336
  • Category : History
  • Reads : 492
  • File Pdf: white-devil.pdf

Book Summary:

"A fast-moving tale of courage, cruelty, hardship, and savagery."--Pittsburgh Post-Gazette In North America's first major conflict, known today as the French and Indian War, France and England--both in alliance with Native American tribes--fought each other in a series of bloody battles and terrifying raids. No confrontation was more brutal and notorious than the massacre of the British garrison of Fort William Henry--an incident memorably depicted in James Fenimore Cooper's The Last of the Mohicans. That atrocity stoked calls for revenge, and the tough young Major Robert Rogers and his "Rangers" were ordered north into enemy territory to exact it. On the morning of October 4, 1759, Rogers and his men surprised the Abenaki Indian village of St. Francis, slaughtering its sleeping inhabitants without mercy. A nightmarish retreat followed. When, after terrible hardships, the raiders finally returned to safety, they were hailed as heroes by the colonists, and their leader was immortalized as "the brave Major Rogers." But the Abenakis remembered Rogers differently: To them he was Wobomagonda--"White Devil."

Conceptualizing the World

By Helge Jordheim,Erling Sandmo
  • Format : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Berghahn Books
  • Isbn : 1789200377
  • Pages : 408
  • Category : History
  • Reads : 275
  • File Pdf: conceptualizing-the-world.pdf

Book Summary:

What is—and what was—“the world”? Though often treated as interchangeable with the ongoing and inexorable progress of globalization, concepts of “world,” “globe,” or “earth” instead suggest something limited and absolute. This innovative and interdisciplinary volume concerns itself with this central paradox: that the complex, heterogeneous, and purportedly transhistorical dynamics of globalization have given rise to the idea and reality of a finite—and thus vulnerable—world. Through studies of illuminating historical moments that range from antiquity to the era of Google Earth, each contribution helps to trace the emergence of the world in multitudinous representations, practices, and human experiences.

Foundational Concepts in Neuroscience: A Brain-Mind Odyssey (Norton Series on Interpersonal Neurobiology)

By David E. Presti
  • Format : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : W. W. Norton & Company
  • Isbn : 0393709612
  • Pages : 320
  • Category : Psychology
  • Reads : 435
  • File Pdf: foundational-concepts-in-neuroscience.pdf

Book Summary:

Key concepts in neuroscience presented for the non-medical reader. A fresh take on contemporary brain science, this book presents neuroscience—the scientific study of brain, mind, and behavior—in easy-to-understand ways with a focus on concepts of interest to all science readers. Rigorous and detailed enough to use as a textbook in a university or community college class, it is at the same time meant for any and all readers, clinicians and non-clinicians alike, interested in learning about the foundations of contemporary brain science. From molecules and cells to mind and consciousness, the known and the mysterious are presented in the context of the history of modern biology and with an eye toward better appreciating the beauty and growing public presence of brain science.

Africa's Development in Historical Perspective

By Emmanuel Akyeampong,Robert H. Bates,Nathan Nunn,James Robinson
  • Format : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Isbn : 1139992694
  • Pages :
  • Category : Business & Economics
  • Reads : 389
  • File Pdf: africa-s-development-in-historical-perspective.pdf

Book Summary:

This edited volume addresses the root causes of Africa's persistent poverty through an investigation of its longue durée history. It interrogates the African past through disease and demography, institutions and governance, African economies and the impact of the export slave trade, colonialism, Africa in the world economy, and culture's influence on accumulation and investment. Several of the chapters take a comparative perspective, placing Africa's developments aside other global patterns. The readership for this book spans from the informed lay reader with an interest in Africa, academics and undergraduate and graduate students, policy makers, and those in the development world.

Theology and the Anthropology of Christian Life

By Joel Robbins
  • Format : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Isbn : 0192583689
  • Pages : 224
  • Category : Religion
  • Reads : 519
  • File Pdf: theology-and-the-anthropology-of-christian-life.pdf

Book Summary:

Anthropological theory can radically transform our understanding of human experience and offer theologians an introduction to the interdisciplinary nature between anthropology and Christianity. Both sociocultural anthropology and theology have made fundamental contributions to our understanding of human experience and the place of humanity in the world. But can these two disciplines, despite the radical differences that separate them, work together to transform their thinking on these topics? Robbins argues that they can. To make this point, he draws on key theological discussions of atonement, eschatology, interruption, passivity, and judgement to rethink important anthropological debates about such topics as ethical life, radical change, the ways people live in time, agency, gift giving, and the nature of humanity. The result is both a major reconsideration of important aspects of anthropological theory through theological categories and a series of careful readings of influential theologians such as Moltmann, Pannenberg, Jüngel, and Dalferth informed by rich ethnographic accounts of the lives of Christians from around the world. In conclusion, Robbins draws on contemporary discussions of secularism to interrogate the secular foundations of anthropology and suggests that the differences between anthropology and theology surrounding this topic can provide a foundation for transformative dialogue between them, rather than being an obstacle to it. Written as a work of interdisciplinary anthropological theorizing, this book also offers theologians an introduction to some of the most important ground covered by burgeoning field of the anthropology of Christianity while guiding anthropologists into core areas of theological discussion. Although theoretically ambitious, the book is clearly argued throughout and written to be accessible to all readers in the social sciences, theology, and religious studies interested in the place of religion in social life and human experience.

A Young People's History of the United States

By Howard Zinn
  • Format : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Seven Stories Press
  • Isbn : 1583229450
  • Pages : 464
  • Category : Juvenile Nonfiction
  • Reads : 598
  • File Pdf: a-young-people-s-history-of-the-united-states.pdf

Book Summary:

A Young People's History of the United States brings to US history the viewpoints of workers, slaves, immigrants, women, Native Americans, and others whose stories, and their impact, are rarely included in books for young people. A Young People's History of the United States is also a companion volume to The People Speak, the film adapted from A People's History of the United States and Voices of a People’s History of the United States. Beginning with a look at Christopher Columbus’s arrival through the eyes of the Arawak Indians, then leading the reader through the struggles for workers’ rights, women’s rights, and civil rights during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, and ending with the current protests against continued American imperialism, Zinn in the volumes of A Young People’s History of the United States presents a radical new way of understanding America’s history. In so doing, he reminds readers that America’s true greatness is shaped by our dissident voices, not our military generals.

Stepping in the Same River Twice

By Ayelet Shavit,Aaron M. Ellison
  • Format : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Yale University Press
  • Isbn : 0300228031
  • Pages : 288
  • Category : Science
  • Reads : 259
  • File Pdf: stepping-in-the-same-river-twice.pdf

Book Summary:

An international team of biologists, philosophers, and historians of science explores the critically important process of replication in biological and biomedical research Without replication, the trustworthiness of scientific research remains in doubt. Although replication is increasingly recognized as a central problem in many scientific disciplines, repeating the same scientific observations of experiments or reproducing the same set of analyses from existing data is remarkably difficult. In this important volume, an international team of biologists, philosophers, and historians of science addresses challenges and solutions for valid replication of research in medicine, ecology, natural history, agriculture, physiology, and computer science. After the introduction to important concepts and historical background, the book offers paired chapters that provide theoretical overviews followed by detailed case studies. These studies range widely in topics, from infectious-diseases and environmental monitoring to museum collections, meta-analysis, bioinformatics, and more. The closing chapters explicate and quantify problems in the case studies, and the volume concludes with important recommendations for best practices.

Martin Bucer (1491–1551)

By Marijn de Kroon,Willem van't Spijker
  • Format : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht
  • Isbn : 3647552720
  • Pages : 447
  • Category : Religion
  • Reads : 727
  • File Pdf: martin-bucer.pdf

Book Summary:

This present volume aims to stimulate Bucer-research as it brings together a selection of the best of De Kroon's and Van't Spijker's articles some of which appear for the first time in English translation. In the first section Bucer is described as taking his independent stand in the patristic and scholastic tradition. The next five articles go into the close personal and theological relation between Bucer and John Calvin and make clear how much of Bucer works through in Calvin and Calvinism. Bucer's efforts to bridge theological and ecclesiastical gaps brought him often in discussion with catholic as well as protestant theologians. How he dealt with this is the topic of the third section in this volume. The two following articles deal with his view on discipline and on the right of resistance. The next articles deal with Bucer's doctrinal legacy and the last section focuses on sanctification as one of the most important characteristics of his theology.The most important issues of contemporary Bucer-research and the outlines of his theology are convincingly presented in this volume by known experts for this topic.

Lies My Teacher Told Me

By James W. Loewen
  • Format : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : The New Press
  • Isbn : 162097455X
  • Pages : 383
  • Category : History
  • Reads : 569
  • File Pdf: lies-my-teacher-told-me.pdf

Book Summary:

“Every teacher, every student of history, every citizen should read this book. It is both a refreshing antidote to what has passed for history in our educational system and a one-volume education in itself.” —Howard Zinn A new edition of the national bestseller and American Book Award winner, with a new preface by the author Since its first publication in 1995, Lies My Teacher Told Me has become one of the most important—and successful—history books of our time. Having sold nearly two million copies, the book also won an American Book Award and the Oliver Cromwell Cox Award for Distinguished Anti-Racist Scholarship and was heralded on the front page of the New York Times. For this new edition, Loewen has added a new preface that shows how inadequate history courses in high school help produce adult Americans who think Donald Trump can solve their problems, and calls out academic historians for abandoning the concept of truth in a misguided effort to be “objective.” What started out as a survey of the twelve leading American history textbooks has ended up being what the San Francisco Chronicle calls “an extremely convincing plea for truth in education.” In Lies My Teacher Told Me, James W. Loewen brings history alive in all its complexity and ambiguity. Beginning with pre-Columbian history and ranging over characters and events as diverse as Reconstruction, Helen Keller, the first Thanksgiving, the My Lai massacre, 9/11, and the Iraq War, Loewen offers an eye-opening critique of existing textbooks, and a wonderful retelling of American history as it should—and could—be taught to American students.

Destiny of the Republic

By Candice Millard
  • Format : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Anchor
  • Isbn : 0385535007
  • Pages : 368
  • Category : Biography & Autobiography
  • Reads : 369
  • File Pdf: destiny-of-the-republic.pdf

Book Summary:

NATIONAL BESTSELLER • The extraordinary account of James Garfield's rise from poverty to the American presidency, and the dramatic history of his assassination and legacy, from the bestselling author of The River of Doubt. James Abram Garfield was one of the most extraordinary men ever elected president. Born into abject poverty, he rose to become a wunderkind scholar, a Civil War hero, a renowned congressman, and a reluctant presidential candidate who took on the nation's corrupt political establishment. But four months after Garfield's inauguration in 1881, he was shot in the back by a deranged office-seeker named Charles Guiteau. Garfield survived the attack, but become the object of bitter, behind-the-scenes struggles for power—over his administration, over the nation's future, and, hauntingly, over his medical care. Meticulously researched, epic in scope, and pulsating with an intimate human focus and high-velocity narrative drive, The Destiny of the Republic brings alive a forgotten chapter of U.S. history.

The Lost City of Z

By David Grann
  • Format : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Vintage
  • Isbn : 0385529228
  • Pages : 352
  • Category : History
  • Reads : 705
  • File Pdf: the-lost-city-of-z.pdf

Book Summary:

The #1 New York Times bestseller from the author of Killers of the Flower Moon In 1925, the legendary British explorer Percy Fawcett ventured into the Amazon jungle, in search of a fabled civilization. He never returned. Over the years countless perished trying to find evidence of his party and the place he called “The Lost City of Z.” In this masterpiece of narrative nonfiction, journalist David Grann interweaves the spellbinding stories of Fawcett’s quest for “Z” and his own journey into the deadly jungle, as he unravels the greatest exploration mystery of the twentieth century.

Славянские издания кирилловского (церковнославянского) шрифта: 1491-2000. Инвентарь сохранившихся экземпляров и указатель литературы. Том I. 1491-1550

By Евгений Немировский
  • Format : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Litres
  • Isbn : 5457375021
  • Pages :
  • Category : History
  • Reads : 631
  • File Pdf: Славянские-издания-кирилловского.pdf

Book Summary:

В первом томе сводного каталога книг кирилловской печати описаны издания, выходившие в Кракове, Цетинье, Венеции, Праге, Вильне, Горажде и др. в 1491-1550 гг. Приведены списки книг и статей, в которых описаны эти издания, а также списки книгохранилищ, в которых они находятся. Сводный каталог рассчитан ориентировочно на 8 томов, в которых будут описаны издания, кончая 2000 годом. В каждом томе предполагается указатель имен, указатель книгохранилищ, в которых хранятся экземпляры изданий.

Convertir a los musulmanes

By Isabelle Poutrin
  • Format : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Universitat de València
  • Isbn : 8491346589
  • Pages : 368
  • Category : History
  • Reads : 675
  • File Pdf: convertir-a-los-musulmanes.pdf

Book Summary:

¿Por qué los musulmanes fueron empujados a recibir el bautismo cuando bien se sabía que no creían en Jesucristo? ¿Por qué sus descendientes, los moriscos, fueron expulsados después de tantos esfuerzos para alejarlos del islam? La historiografía, desde los años setenta, solía centrarse en la percepción de los moriscos, víctimas de la conversión forzada; en este libro se analiza la conversión de los musulmanes de España al catolicismo partiendo de los propios conceptos de las autoridades cristianas. Remontándose hasta la conversión forzada de los judíos por el rey Sisebuto en el siglo VII, pasando por los mayores teólogos y canonistas medievales y por los historiadores de los bautismos en Granada y Valencia, se exploran las «reglas del juego» que regían entonces el bautismo y la expulsión de las minorías y se muestra cómo se aplicaron en España entre la rendición de Granada y la decisión de 1609. Se pone en evidencia que, en las relaciones entre los barones y los letrados, competían varias concepciones de lo que significaba «forzar» y del poder de los monarcas sobre las conciencias de sus súbditos.

Convertir a los musulmanes

By Isabelle Poutrin
  • Format : Pdf, ePub, Mobi, Kindle
  • Publisher : Universitat de València
  • Isbn : 8491346597
  • Pages : 368
  • Category : History
  • Reads : 596
  • File Pdf: convertir-a-los-musulmanes.pdf

Book Summary:

¿Por qué los musulmanes fueron empujados a recibir el bautismo cuando bien se sabía que no creían en Jesucristo? ¿Por qué sus descendientes, los moriscos, fueron expulsados después de tantos esfuerzos para alejarlos del islam? La historiografía, desde los años setenta, solía centrarse en la percepción de los moriscos, víctimas de la conversión forzada; en este libro se analiza la conversión de los musulmanes de España al catolicismo partiendo de los propios conceptos de las autoridades cristianas. Remontándose hasta la conversión forzada de los judíos por el rey Sisebuto en el siglo VII, pasando por los mayores teólogos y canonistas medievales y por los historiadores de los bautismos en Granada y Valencia, se exploran las «reglas del juego» que regían entonces el bautismo y la expulsión de las minorías y se muestra cómo se aplicaron en España entre la rendición de Granada y la decisión de 1609. Se pone en evidencia que, en las relaciones entre los barones y los letrados, competían varias concepciones de lo que significaba «forzar» y del poder de los monarcas sobre las conciencias de sus súbditos.